915 N. Main St. #2
Columbia, IL 62236
(618) 281-6161

ToothbrushAt-home Dental Care:

Why do my gums bleed when I brush?

Although a small amount of blood may not hurt or seem like a big deal, it can indicate a larger problem.

Bleeding can be caused by inadequate brushing, which leads to the buildup of plaque and tartar. Plaque that is not removed will eventually cause the gums to become red, swollen, and/or tender. This will eventually lead to concerns such as gum recession, gum disease, and tooth loss. In rare cases, bleeding gums might be an indication of more serious health concerns.

It’s important to not ignore your bleeding gums even though they may not hurt. It’s recommended to see your dentist to evaluate your condition and determine the best treatment.

Why should I floss regularly?

You’re missing more than 30 percent of your tooth when only brushing. Flossing removes food debris and plaque accumulation, all of which contribute to gum disease and cavity development.

There are several options for cleaning between your teeth and the most important thing is to just do it! Be sure to ask your dental professional about the various home care tools and how to properly use them to avoid injuring your gums.

Are electric toothbrushes better than manual toothbrushes?

The true answer is that it depends on the user. But let’s review the pros and cons of both manual and electric toothbrushes:

  • Manual toothbrushes clean teeth well with proper brushing technique. There are many styles, bristle configurations, head sizes, and colors when choosing your brush, which makes for plenty of options. You don’t need to worry about batteries or charging, so manual toothbrushes are easy to use when traveling. They’re inexpensive and usually free when you see your dentist for regular checkups. Unfortunately, manual toothbrushes require more diligence when brushing and don’t come with timers and other sensors to enhance your brushing.
  • Electric toothbrushes are relatively easy to use. All you have to do is let the toothbrush do the work as you maneuver it around your mouth. For children and the elderly, it’s usually easier to use an electric toothbrush than to vigorously brush with a manual toothbrush. Children also tend to become more excited about using an electric toothbrush. Many electric toothbrushes have manual timers, pressure sensors, and other meters to help improve brushing habits. Unfortunately, they come with downsides as well. The price to purchase an electric toothbrush can be a barrier for some patients.
  • Electric brushes have to be charged, so traveling can sometimes be difficult with them. Also, like many electronics, they can break or stop working.
  • There have been many studies which indicate that electric toothbrushes remove more plaque compared to manual toothbrushes and are better for fighting gum disease. Despite these studies, it’s important to realize that no matter what you decide, your oral health will only remain healthy if you are diligent with your brushing. If you’re on the fence about which toothbrush might be best for you, talk to us during your next visit!
Does mouthwash really work?

The manufacturers of mouth rinses market them as a way to battle bad breath, but do they really work? Most patients who use mouthwash report a fresher, cleaner mouth. Unfortunately, mouthwash merely masks the bad breath rather than eliminating it. But don’t be disparaged! It can be a good addition to your dental care routine, alongside regular normal brushing and flossing routine.

Also, be aware that many mouth rinses contain high levels of alcohol. Unlike popular belief, the alcohol is not added to disinfect or sterilize, but rather as a preservative. It’s advised to try and avoid rinses containing high levels of alcohol by using an alcohol-free product.

You’ll also want to look for a mouthwash that contains fluoride. Fluoride is a common mineral found in toothpaste and has been proven to fight and even reverse the tooth decay process.

What kind of toothpaste should I use?

Overall, it’s recommended that you find a toothpaste that satisfies your overall oral health goals - whitening, sensitivity, tartar control, etc. It’s also important that you enjoy the flavor and consistency of the tooth paste.

For those individuals suffering from areas of tooth sensitivity, there are many toothpastes that can help combat those sensitive areas. And for those who are at an increased risk of developing cavities, prescription toothpaste is also available from your dentist.

Pediatric Dentistry:

My child’s baby teeth have cavities. The baby tooth is going to fall out anyway… What should I do?

Cavities can occur for a variety of reasons and often times do not cause any pain. Filling baby teeth will prevent the cavity from growing larger and leading to more severe problems and infections. If your child has cavities or is experiencing tooth pain, call your dentist immediately!

My child’s permanent teeth are growing in crooked or behind the baby teeth.

For children, two rows of teeth are common, as permanent teeth are growing into the mouth. This is especially common for the top and bottom front teeth, but can also occur elsewhere in the mouth. The condition can be corrected easily in most circumstances.

Crooked or misaligned teeth in children can cause a lot of worries. Usually, the teeth will properly align as they grow further into the mouth allowing the tongue and lips to push them into proper position.

Every child’s development is unique. It’s important to have an oral health professional evaluate and determine what course of action is best for your child.

When should my child first go to the dentist?

While most parents celebrate the arrival of their children’s teeth, many leading dental authorities suggest that a baby should be seen within six months of the arrival of their first tooth.

We at Columbia Dental Center agree with this consideration, and we usually suggest bringing the infant in when the parent is due for their biannual cleaning. This is far more realistic and much more convenient for Mom and/or Dad.

Lastly, don’t be surprised if it takes a couple of visits for your child to warm up to the dentist - This is perfectly normal! The idea is to keep the dental visit a positive experience. If we’re able to make it fun so that your child enjoys their visit, they’ll be more willing to return and more likely to allow us to perform a full examination. Remember, baby steps!

Man at dental checkupCosmetic Dentistry:

Does whitening hurt your teeth?

Teeth whitening is not dangerous. The procedure uses strong peroxides or detergents to microscopically scrub your teeth clean, which can make them more sensitive temporarily.

Consult with your dentist to determine what whitening system would work best for you. Your dentist may also be able to predict whether you’ll have problems with sensitivity through the whitening process.

How can I change the shape of my teeth?

Are you wanting straighter teeth? Do wish your teeth were longer? Do you want to correct a chipped or cracked tooth? Or are you hoping to eliminate spacing or crowding around teeth? Rest assured - There are many ways to achieve the smile you always wanted.

Dental bonding can apply a tooth-colored resin material to the tooth’s surface. This material is then hardened and permanently bonded to the tooth using a special light.

Crowns can be placed over your teeth like a thumb over a thimble. These tooth-shaped caps are permanently cemented onto the tooth. Highly skilled cosmetic dentists are able achieve life like results in little time.

Porcelain veneers are custom made to cover the front surface of teeth.

Tooth re-countering, or tooth reshaping, is a process where small amounts of tooth enamel are removed in order to change the shape or length of the tooth itself.

There are numerous options to give you the smile you desire, painlessly and with little effort. It’s important that you understand your treatment options so you can choose what best for you and achieve the smile of your dreams!

What are my options for replacing a missing tooth?

So you’ve lost a tooth. Chewing becomes more difficult and smiling might be a concern - All of which can affect your quality of life. Medically, a missing tooth may cause long-term deterioration of bone, leading to loss of cheek support. Luckily there are several viable options to replace your missing tooth.

A partial denture or “flipper” is an economical approach for those looking to replace a missing tooth or a group of teeth. We work with many gum-colored materials that have been recently introduced to the field, allowing for a more comfortable, life-like fit.

A dental bridge literally bridges the gap created by one or more missing teeth. A bridge is composed of at least two anchoring crowns. A false tooth is permanently placed in between where the missing tooth is “bridged.” A bridge has many benefits including restoring your smile so you can chew and speak properly. However, with better alternatives like dental implants being introduced, bridges are a great option, but not always the most ideal.

In most cases, dental implants are the preferred choice for replacing missing teeth. Implants are replacement tooth roots, and after a period of healing, a crown can be attached to the implanted root to restore the space. Dental implants are highly successful and one of the most durable restorative options provided in dentistry.

Call our office if you have a missing tooth and are interested in learning more about the best treatment options available to you.

General Dentistry:

What can I expect at my first dental appointment?

At Columbia Dental Center, we’re focused on making your appointments as stress-free as possible. You can schedule your appointment 24/7 online, directly from our website. We offer complimentary consultations so you can get to know your dentist and the team without the pressure of having to receive treatment that day.

Here’s what to expect at a typical new patient dental exam:

  • Review Your Health History: Prior to your exam, you’ll complete a health history that allows us identify oral health issue we should watch out for and is an important step helping us provide quality care.
  • X-rays: We’ll take digital x-rays so we can monitor tooth and jaw development, as well as bone health.
  • Dental Hygiene: Your dental hygienist will evaluate your gum & bone health and implement the most advanced training to clean your teeth appropriately. Our patients find our hygiene team to be a wealth of information and provide great home care tips you’ll be able to incorporate into your dental routine.
  • Dental Exam: Your dentist will exam your oral environment (teeth, gums and tongue), answer any questions you may have, and recommend any treatment that might be necessary based on your health history or exam results.
  • Preventive Dentistry: Your dental team will also recommend preventative treatment for your complete oral health, such as fluoride or sealants for the prevention of cavities - All of which are painless and easy to utilize.
What causes bad breath?

Although bad breath is something everyone experiences at one time or another, if your condition doesn’t improve after brushing, flossing, and rinsing with mouthwash, it may be a sign of a larger problem.

Although the most common cause of chronic bad breath is poor oral hygiene, it can also be exacerbated by certain foods like garlic and onions. Illnesses that produce phlegm, postnasal drip or dry mouth may also contribute to mouth odors.

In general, bad breath is caused by odor-producing bacteria found on your tongue, gums, and throat areas. If these bacteria are allowed to go unchecked, your breath will become worse.

Many individuals attempt to eliminate bad breath with the use of mouth rinses and breath mints. These methods may offer a short term improvement, but oftentimes, if the underlying condition isn’t addressed, bad breath will return.

The best way to identify the source of chronic halitosis is to visit your dentist regularly.

Why is my filling sensitive to hot and cold?

For a small percentage of patients, pain after dental treatment can still crop up and linger for a few days or weeks.

There can be many reasons for the pain, but most commonly, pain is due to the filling being deep and close to the nerve or material utilized or possibly even heightened sensitivity.

So how long will it last? It’s not unheard of to experience sensitivity for months after having a tooth filling placed. The key is communicate with your dentist so the situation can be monitored closely. However, we recommend that if pain or sensitivity persists for more than a week, you should see your dentist to have the tooth evaluated.

What is a root canal?

Root canal treatment becomes necessary for a variety of reasons including: deep cavities, trauma or tooth injury, cracked tooth, and infection or abscessed teeth.

It’s important to have your problem area evaluated to determine exactly what the concern could be and the best course of treatment. Many times, if treatment is recommended, it can be accomplished conveniently.

What are the signs that you may need a root canal?

Common signs include pain, prolonged sensitivity to hot or cold, chewing tenderness, tooth discoloration and swelling. Many fearful patients are relieved to find out that root canals can be performed painlessly, efficiently (usually in 1 hour), and in one appointment.

If you’re experiencing any of these concerns or think you might need a root canal, it’s important that you don’t delay. Oftentimes, the condition you’re experiencing will only deteriorate and get worse.

Are silver fillings safe?

Silver fillings, also known as amalgam fillings, are a common material used to fill cavities. Over the years, concerns have arisen about the use of silver amalgam because it contains mercury. The controversy centers on how much mercury is released by fillings and how much the body absorbs.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has recently stated that silver amalgam fillings are safe for adults and children. However, regardless of the FDA’s decision, we decided to become a mercury-free dental office many years ago. The possible health risks, mercury waste being released into the environment via waste water, along with introduction of newer, better materials helped guide our decision to implement white composite resin fillings in our dental practice.

Should you have your silver amalgam fillings removed because of the mercury they contain? You should replace fillings only when a problem develops. When they become worn, broken, or when there is decay present. Removing a good filling results in unnecessary loss of healthy parts of the tooth and might possibly release more mercury. If you are concerned about your silver fillings, discuss your treatment options with your dentist.


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